Accueil > Pages Perso

Nicolas Trapateau

MCF -  UNS


Envoyer un message

Dernières publicationsHAL

pour "Nicolas TRAPATEAU" :

titre
Quelles méthodologies pour constituer et exploiter des corpus de données orales anciennes et contemporaines?
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau, Nicolas Videau, Jean-Louis Duchet, Sylvie Hanote
article
L’enjeu des métadonnées dans les corpus textuels - Un défi pour les sciences humaines, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2019, 978-2-7535-7640-7
annee_publi
2019
typdoc
Chapitre d'ouvrage
Accès au bibtex
BibTex
titre
Les composés en diachronie : Données accentuelles des dictionnaires britanniques du XVIIIe siècle
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau
article
Premières rencontres de l'« Ecole de Guierre », Jun 2018, Tours, France
annee_publi
2018
typdoc
Communication dans un congrès
Accès au bibtex
BibTex
titre
Dating Phonological Change on the Basis of Eighteenth-Century British English Dictionaries and Orthoepic Treatises
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau
article
Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America, Dictionary Society of North America, 2017, 38 (2), pp.1-29. ⟨10.1353/dic.2017.0018⟩
annee_publi
2017
resume
Lexicographic evidence from eighteenth-century English orthoepists needs to be carefully interpreted to avoid misrepresentations of the actual pronunciation of English at that time. This is particularly true for unstressed syllables, which were subject to severe sociolinguistic pressures that stigmatized vowel weakening and promoted a pronunciation as close as possible to the spelling earlier stabilized by Johnson (1755). In order to overcome the difficulties specific to these prescriptive sources, this study relies on a fully computerized edition of Walker’s Critical Pronouncing Dictionary (1791), checked against the data of other pronouncing dictionaries of the Georgian period. The data shows that, in comparison to present-day English, the phenomenon of vowel reduction in unstressed syllables such as the endings -al, -age, -or, -er, and -ile was incomplete. The distribution of reduced and preserved vowels in a corpus including dictionaries and orthoepic treatises suggests that rhythmic stress, competing loanword integration processes, and word frequency associated with semantic change conditioned the spread of vowel weakening in British English at the time.
typdoc
Article dans une revue
Accès au bibtex
BibTex
titre
Change from above in the early prescriptive pronouncing dictionaries of English
auteur
Jean-Louis Duchet, Nicolas Trapateau
article
13th Conference of the European Society for the Study of English, The European Society for the Study of English, Aug 2016, Galway, Ireland
annee_publi
2016
resume
Our research has been conducted on a database stemming from a fully computerized re-edition (Trapateau 2015) of John Walker's Critical Pronouncing Dictionary and Expositor of the English language (1791, 1809) providing exhaustive lists of lexical units belonging to a lexical set or to a stress pattern. 62 In Walker's dictionary the word vertigo has three competing pronunciations, two of which are the consequence of a pressure from above: “learnedly” [vɛːˈta ɪɡ o], “modishly” [vɛːˈtiːɡo], as opposed to “the genuine English analogy” of [vɛːtiɡo]. Walker yields to the learned in his Dictionary. Similar pressures have generated changes from above in stress placement, reluctance to palatalisation, and vowel quality. 1) Stress placement European, /010/ is superseded by the Latin stress pattern in /2010/. 2) Palatalisation The noun duke pronounced [duːk] or [dʒuːk] “is not so vulgar as the former. Educate[edʒukeɪt], [dj] prestige form. Courtesy has an elegant pronunciation in [tsi] which has prevailed on the vulgar pronunciation tʃi a back formation of courteous [ˈkɜːtʃəs]. 3) Vowels before /r/ The word merchant was pronounced with [aː] like clerk. The spelling pronunciation which prevailed, [ˈmɛːtʃənt], changed further to [ˈmɜːtʃənt]. The same is true of errand, mercy. 4) Diphthongs The word wind as a noun was diphthongized but the “polite circles” have imposed [wɪnd] as the standard pronunciation. The noun envelope is pronounced in the French way [onviˈloʊp] but the mere Englishman pronounces it like the verb envelop. The research will investigate such cases in which Walker says with ironical resignation that “in language as in many other cases, it is safer to be wrong with the polite than with the vulgar.”
typdoc
Communication dans un congrès
Accès au bibtex
BibTex
titre
Inkhorn Terms: Some that Got Away.
auteur
Elena Sasu, Nicolas Trapateau
article
Fabienne Toupin, Brian Lowrey. Studies in Linguistic Variation and Change From Old to Middle English , Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, 978-1-4438-7542-4
annee_publi
2015
typdoc
Chapitre d'ouvrage
Accès au bibtex
BibTex
titre
‘Pedantick’, ‘polite’, or ‘vulgar’? a systematic analysis of eighteenth-century normative discourse on pronunciation in John Walker’s dictionary (1791)
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau
article
11th Conference of the European Society for the Study of English, Sep 2012, Istanbul, Turkey. ⟨10.1080/17597536.2016.1189663⟩
annee_publi
2012
resume
John Walker is the first English lexicographer to provide a ‘critical’ pronouncing dictionary (1791) interspersed with his own critical notes on pronunciation. This paper identifies the phonological phenomena, whether praised or stigmatised, which are the targets of Walker’s qualifiers — for example, which syllable of the word vertigo should be stressed in order to sound ‘polite’ or ‘vulgar’ in the 1790s. Building on such data, the study elicits Walker’s sociolinguistic representation of the norm and the authorities who formulate it among the linguistic population of his time. This systematic analysis of Walker’s normative discourse on English pronunciation is based on a text-searchable electronic version of Walker’s dictionary.
typdoc
Communication dans un congrès
Accès au bibtex
BibTex
titre
Stress Placement in Pronouncing Dictionaries (1727–2010) : Latin Etymology vs. English Derivation
auteur
Jean-Louis Duchet, Nicolas Trapateau, Jeremy Castanier
article
Language and History, 2012, 55/2012 (1), pp.34-46. ⟨10.1179/1759753612Z.0000000003⟩
annee_publi
2012
resume
Variation in stress placement has so far not been studied very closely from a sociolinguistic perspective, although orthoepists since the eighteenth century have prescribed certain patterns and stigmatized others. Stress placement preferences are based on conflicting criteria (origin, including Latin and Greek etymologies, vs stress-neutral English derivation). This area of study remains partially unexplored in historical phonology. The period stretching from the eighteenth century to our time is characterized by changes that reveal the influence of opposing sets of rules, which are themselves connected to the cultural background of speakers more or less versed in Latin and French. The prescriptivism pervading works such as Walker’s Critical Pronouncing Dictionary provides evidence of conflicting tendencies affecting stress placement. This paper aims at revealing an evolution of these tendencies from Latin-based etymology to isomorphism over the last three centuries.
typdoc
Article dans une revue
Accès au bibtex
BibTex
  • + de résultats dans la Collection HAL du laboratoire BCL
  • Voir l'ensemble des résultats sur la plateforme HAL