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Clémentine RAFFY

Post-Doct  -  UCA

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pour "Clémentine RAFFY" :

titre
syntax and semantics of laisser in causative constructions
auteur
Clémentine Raffy, Marta Donazzan, Klaus von Heusinger
article
Isogloss. Open Journal of Romance Linguistics, 2024, 10 (4), pp.1-39. ⟨10.5565/rev/isogloss.320⟩
annee_publi
2024
resume
The French verb laisser (‘to let’) allows for two different syntactic constructions, an Exceptional Case Marking (ECM) construction and a Faire-Infinitive (FI) construction with a postverbal Causee, and for two different interpretations, authorize and not-intervene. According to previous studies (e.g. Kayne 1975), constructions are related to interpretations: the ECM can express intentionality, the FI cannot. In this paper, we explore a different hypothesis: the ECM construction is underspecified and allows for both interpretations, while the FI is restricted to the not-intervening interpretation. We provide empirical evidence from three distinct forced choice tasks in which participants had to match constructions and interpretations. The results reveal that, contrary to both early observations and our initial hypothesis, both constructions may allow for both interpretations, and variation depends less on the syntactic configuration than on semantic and pragmatic factors, namely on the lexical inferences triggered by the embedded verb and the authority relation between Causer and Causee expressed in the contexts.
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https://hal.science/hal-04485646/file/320-Article%20Text-3253-1-10-20240301.pdf BibTex
titre
Intentional action in causal models
auteur
Bridget Copley, Clémentine Raffy
article
Ontology As Structured by the Interfaces with Semantics 3 / Semantics and Philosophy in Europe 12, Oct 2023, Nice, France
annee_publi
2023
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Conference papers
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titre
Let it happen in Spanish and French: probing causation at the interface
auteur
Marta Donazzan, Clémentine Raffy
article
SCUP 22, May 2022, Palermo, Italy
annee_publi
2022
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titre
Analyzing "intentionally" with local listening and would-be preventers
auteur
Bridget Copley, Clémentine Raffy
article
Agency and Intentions in Language, Jan 2022, Göttingen, Germany
annee_publi
2022
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titre
Letting in Romance
auteur
Clémentine Raffy
article
Linguistics. Université Paris 8; Universität zu Köln, 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021PA080070⟩
annee_publi
2021
resume
The aim of this thesis is to propose a new solution to an old problem: what does it mean to 'let something happen'? It can be understood as the granting of permission or as the absence of intervention. But how do we know which of these two readings we are dealing with? To answer this question, I use the French verb laisser and the Spanish verb dejar as examples, since each of these two verbs can give rise to two distinct causative syntactic constructions, one monoclausal and the other biclausal. The idea is therefore to understand (i) whether these different degrees of syntactic complexity are reflected at any level in the interpretation of these causative constructions, and (ii) whether they differ from one language to another, since the constructions also differ. In order to understand the relationship between morphosyntax and conceptual representation(s), I present the three experiments I conducted aimed at testing the correspondence between syntactic structure and interpretation. These experiments show that morphosyntax is not the main factor in the interpretation of these causative constructions; on the contrary, other factors, such as the notion of authority and the causal concept of prevention, seem to be more relevant for the choice of one reading over another. Finally, using causal models, I show that although these relationships are expressed through causative constructs, they are in fact the representation of unrealized properties rather than the expression of any causal relationship.
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Theses
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https://theses.hal.science/tel-04120949/file/LettinginRomance.pdf BibTex
titre
Letting structure speak with authority: Constraining agents' choices with French laisser
auteur
Marta Donazzan, Clémentine Raffy, Bridget Copley, Klaus von Heusinger
article
Agency and Intentions in Language (AIL) - Interdisciplinary workshop, Georg-August University of Göttingen, Jan 2021, Göttingen, Germany. pp.88-111, ⟨10.1163/9789004679818_006⟩
annee_publi
2021
resume
Agents’ actions and intentions can be prompted or hindered in multiple ways. Across languages, verbs that lexicalize the causative primitives of CAUSE, ENABLE or PREVENT (Wolff & Song 2003) can help us understand the nature of agency, precisely because they involve multiple participants which are sometimes seen as being in a position of influencing each other via different types of relations. In this paper, we focus on the role of authority, intended as an influence that affects the choices available to a free agent with respect to the actions in service of their goal. We show that, while many causative verbs seem to imply the type of force relation between the participants in their lexical meaning, the French causative verb laisser is underspecified: the type of influence exerted by the two participants in a laisser relation is determined by the syntactic structure of the causative construction.
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Conference papers
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https://hal.science/hal-03515660/file/AILpaperDEF.pdf BibTex
titre
French "laisser" using causal functions and scales
auteur
Bridget Copley, Marta Donazzan, Clémentine Raffy
article
Going Romance 34, Nov 2020, Paris, France
annee_publi
2020
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titre
Letting" in French
auteur
Clémentine Raffy
article
Ontology As Structured by the Interfaces with Semantics 2.5 (OASIS 2.5), Oct 2020, Nantes, France
annee_publi
2020
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titre
Causation and dispositions: Towards a semantic characterization of the French causative verb laisser
auteur
Marta Donazzan, Clémentine Raffy, Klaus von Heusinger
article
Bucharest Working Papers in Linguistics, 2020, 22, pp.55 - 75. ⟨10.31178/bwpl.22.2.3⟩
annee_publi
2020
resume
The French causative verb laisser can enter two different constructions: a monoclausal one resembling the faire-infinitive construction (Kayne 1975, Alsina 1992, Guasti 1996, Folli & Harley 2007) and a biclausal one. While differences in interpretation between these two constructions have been pointed out (Kayne 1975, Enghels & Roegiest 2012), the link between structure and conceptual representation has not been clearly defined yet. In this paper, we tackle the syntax and semantics of causative laisser adopting as a background Talmy's (1988) force dynamics model of causation. We further show that the link to the selectional restrictions of the causative verb can be made by considering forces as dispositional causal properties (Fara 2001), that is, properties that become relevant with respect to the role of an entity in a causal chain.
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Journal articles
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal.science/hal-04131228/file/3_BWPL_2_2020_Donazzan-et-al..pdf BibTex
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