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titre
La transcription de la qualité vocalique dans les dictionnaires orthoépiques anglais du XVIIIe siècle (1727-1797)
auteur
Jean-Louis Duchet, Nicolas Trapateau
article
Travaux linguistiques du CerLiCO, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, A paraître
annee_publi
2020
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titre
Lexical diffusion in the making: the lengthening of Middle English /a/ during the eighteenth century and across the diasystem of English
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau
article
English Language and Linguistics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2020, pp.1-17. ⟨10.1017/S1360674320000155⟩
annee_publi
2020
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titre
Étude métalexicographique diachronique de l'anglais : méthodes et outils pour des analyses lexicologiques et morphologiques
auteur
Adèle Birault, Sylvie Hanote, Michael Nauge, Nicolas Trapateau, Franck Zumstein
article
10èmes Journées de Linguistique de Corpus, Nov 2019, Grenoble, France
annee_publi
2019
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titre
Les terminaisons ­ic et ­ical en anglais : essai de comparaison métalexico­graphique entre les dictionnaires de Buchanan (1766) et de Walker (1791)
auteur
Jean-Louis Duchet, Nicolas Trapateau, Michael Nauge, Franck Zumstein
article
10èmes Journées de Linguistique de Corpus, Nov 2019, Grenoble, Université Grenoble Alpes, France
annee_publi
2019
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titre
Quelles méthodologies pour constituer et exploiter des corpus de données orales anciennes et contemporaines?
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau, Nicolas Videau, Jean-Louis Duchet, Sylvie Hanote
article
L’enjeu des métadonnées dans les corpus textuels - Un défi pour les sciences humaines, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2019, 978-2-7535-7640-7
annee_publi
2019
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titre
Change from above and resistance to change in the early prescriptive pronouncing dictionaries of English
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau, Jean-Louis Duchet
article
Studia Anglica Posnaniensia, http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/stap, In press, 54 (1)
annee_publi
2019
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titre
Les composés en diachronie : Données accentuelles des dictionnaires britanniques du XVIIIe siècle
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau
article
Premières rencontres de l'« Ecole de Guierre », Jun 2018, Tours, France
annee_publi
2018
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titre
Dating Phonological Change on the Basis of Eighteenth-Century British English Dictionaries and Orthoepic Treatises
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau
article
Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America, Dictionary Society of North America, 2017, 38 (2), pp.1-29. ⟨10.1353/dic.2017.0018⟩
annee_publi
2017
resume
Lexicographic evidence from eighteenth-century English orthoepists needs to be carefully interpreted to avoid misrepresentations of the actual pronunciation of English at that time. This is particularly true for unstressed syllables, which were subject to severe sociolinguistic pressures that stigmatized vowel weakening and promoted a pronunciation as close as possible to the spelling earlier stabilized by Johnson (1755). In order to overcome the difficulties specific to these prescriptive sources, this study relies on a fully computerized edition of Walker’s Critical Pronouncing Dictionary (1791), checked against the data of other pronouncing dictionaries of the Georgian period. The data shows that, in comparison to present-day English, the phenomenon of vowel reduction in unstressed syllables such as the endings -al, -age, -or, -er, and -ile was incomplete. The distribution of reduced and preserved vowels in a corpus including dictionaries and orthoepic treatises suggests that rhythmic stress, competing loanword integration processes, and word frequency associated with semantic change conditioned the spread of vowel weakening in British English at the time.
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titre
Change from above in the early prescriptive pronouncing dictionaries of English
auteur
Jean-Louis Duchet, Nicolas Trapateau
article
13th Conference of the European Society for the Study of English, The European Society for the Study of English, Aug 2016, Galway, Ireland
annee_publi
2016
resume
Our research has been conducted on a database stemming from a fully computerized re-edition (Trapateau 2015) of John Walker's Critical Pronouncing Dictionary and Expositor of the English language (1791, 1809) providing exhaustive lists of lexical units belonging to a lexical set or to a stress pattern. 62 In Walker's dictionary the word vertigo has three competing pronunciations, two of which are the consequence of a pressure from above: “learnedly” [vɛːˈta ɪɡ o], “modishly” [vɛːˈtiːɡo], as opposed to “the genuine English analogy” of [vɛːtiɡo]. Walker yields to the learned in his Dictionary. Similar pressures have generated changes from above in stress placement, reluctance to palatalisation, and vowel quality. 1) Stress placement European, /010/ is superseded by the Latin stress pattern in /2010/. 2) Palatalisation The noun duke pronounced [duːk] or [dʒuːk] “is not so vulgar as the former. Educate[edʒukeɪt], [dj] prestige form. Courtesy has an elegant pronunciation in [tsi] which has prevailed on the vulgar pronunciation tʃi a back formation of courteous [ˈkɜːtʃəs]. 3) Vowels before /r/ The word merchant was pronounced with [aː] like clerk. The spelling pronunciation which prevailed, [ˈmɛːtʃənt], changed further to [ˈmɜːtʃənt]. The same is true of errand, mercy. 4) Diphthongs The word wind as a noun was diphthongized but the “polite circles” have imposed [wɪnd] as the standard pronunciation. The noun envelope is pronounced in the French way [onviˈloʊp] but the mere Englishman pronounces it like the verb envelop. The research will investigate such cases in which Walker says with ironical resignation that “in language as in many other cases, it is safer to be wrong with the polite than with the vulgar.”
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titre
‘Obscure, indistinct sounds’ : Vowel reduction and the pronunciation of unstressed vowels in 18th century English.
auteur
Nicolas Trapateau
article
19th International Conference on English Historical Linguistics, Aug 2016, Essen, Germany
annee_publi
2016
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