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Gérard Olivier

MCF -  UNS

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titre
Comparing Comprehension of a Long Text Read in Print Book and on Kindle: Where in the Text and When in the Story?
auteur
Anne Mangen, Gérard Olivier, Jean-Luc Velay
article
Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers, 2019, ⟨10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00038⟩
annee_publi
2019
resume
Digital reading devices such as Kindle differ from paper books with respect to the kinesthetic and tactile feedback provided to the reader, but the role of these features in reading is rarely studied empirically. This experiment compares reading of a long text on Kindle DX and in print. Fifty participants (24 years old) read a 28 page (∼1 h reading time) long mystery story on Kindle or in a print pocket book and completed several tests measuring various levels of reading comprehension: engagement, recall, capacities to locate events in the text and reconstructing the plot of the story. Results showed that on most tests subjects performed identically whatever the reading medium. However, on measures related to chronology and temporality, those who had read in the print pocket book, performed better than those who had read on a Kindle. It is concluded that, basically comprehension was similar with both media, but, because kinesthetic feedback is less informative with a Kindle, readers were not as efficient to locate events in the space of the text and hence in the temporality of the story. We suggest that, to get a correct spatial representation of the text and consequently a coherent temporal organization of the story, readers would be reliant on the sensorimotor cues which are afforded by the manipulation of the book.
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Journal articles
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02014788/file/Mangen%20et%20al.%2C%20fpsyg%202019.pdf BibTex
titre
Essai sur l'invention de l'altérité ou Le changement qui se prenait pour un être
auteur
Gérard Olivier
article
Revue (In)Disciplines, LIRCES, A paraître
annee_publi
2019
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Journal articles
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02319816/file/RID%203%20Olivier.pdf BibTex
titre
Développement d'un modèle de système de climatisation automobile multi-évaporateurs
auteur
Thomas Gillet, Emmanuelle Andrès, Amin El-Bakkali, Gérard Olivier, S. Gendebien, Vincent Lemort, Romuald Rullière, Philippe Haberschill
article
13ème Colloque Interuniversitaire franco-québécois sur la thermique des systèmes (CIFQ 2017), May 2017, Saint-Lô, France
annee_publi
2017
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Conference papers
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titre
Modélisation d'un climatiseur automobile multi-évaporateur
auteur
Thomas Gillet, Emmanuelle Andrès, El-Bakkali Amin, Gérard Olivier, Romuald Rullière, Philippe Haberschill
article
n°1161, 2017
annee_publi
2017
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Other publications
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titre
Stimulus-Response Compatibility Effect in the Near-Far Dimension: A Developmental Study
auteur
Aurélien Richez, Gérard Olivier, Yann Coello
article
Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers, 2016, 7, pp.1169. ⟨10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01169⟩
annee_publi
2016
resume
The present study investigates the developmental aspect of stimulus-response compatibility (SRC) effect in 8-11-years-old children. The task consisted in manually responding to the color of a pawn presented on a chessboard at different distances. Manual responses were provided by reaching a proximal or distal location depending on the color of the stimulus. We found that reaction time was affected by the conflict generated by the response suggested by the location of the stimulus and the response required according to its color. This was not the case for movement time despite we found a higher rate of long duration movements in the incongruent than in the congruent spatial condition. The SRC effect was, however, observed in children older than 10 years old. These findings provide additional evidence for a reorganization of the perceptual system during the period of 8-10 years, integrating progressively multimodal information and preparing more efficiently the body to act in the environment.
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Journal articles
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02517707/file/fpsyg-07-01169.pdf BibTex
titre
Concurrent right–left and amplitude spatial congruency effects in a visual discrimination task
auteur
Alexandre Coutté, Aurélien Richez, Yann Coello, Gérard Olivier
article
Visual Cognition, Taylor & Francis, 2015, Visual Cognition, 23 (6), pp.781-795
annee_publi
2015
resume
During a perceptual task, the presentation of a visual stimulus is known to automatically activate a spatially congruent manual response, which influences the speed of the motor response provided depending on the non-spatial stimulus feature (e.g., colour). Such effect was found to depend on the congruency between either the (1) right–left stimulus location and lateralized manual response (Simon effect), or (2) near–far stimulus location and manual response amplitude (Amplitude Congruency effect). In the present study, we conjointly manipulated Simon and Amplitude Congruency effects in a stimulus colour discrimination task. It was found that stimulus location potentiated concurrent but independent Simon and Amplitude Congruency effects: the more the to-be-executed response was congruent with the response activated by these effects, the faster was its execution. Moreover, our results suggest that the magnitude of Amplitude Congruency effect on response latency and execution time reflects the temporal characteristics of the motor response planning.
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titre
Gestural Dimension of the Perceptuomotor Compatibility Effect in the Speech Domain
auteur
Gérard Olivier, Didier Bottineau
article
Swiss Journal of Psychology, Hogrefe, 2015, 74 (2), pp.105-110. ⟨10.1024/1421-0185/a000153⟩
annee_publi
2015
resume
This behavioral study shows for the first time that the auditory perception of vowels influences silent labial responses. During a perceptual decision task, participants were instructed to choose and execute a silent labial response (lip protrusion versus chin lowering) as quickly as possible depending on the vowel they had perceived auditorily. The main result showed that gestural compatibility between the silent labial response and the articulation of the perceived vowel led to better performance (in terms of response times and errors) than an incompatibility between them. By including a somatic compatibility effect in a more dynamic gestural compatibility effect, this new result suggests that the role of motor activity during speech auditory perception lies in mentally simulating an articulation of the perceived phoneme.
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titre
Corrosion characterization of reinforced concrete slabs with different devices
auteur
Isabel Martinez, Camen Andrade, Nuria Rebolledo, Véronique Bouteiller, Elisabeth Marie-Victoire, Gérard Olivier
article
Corrosion, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 2008, 64 (2), pp 107-123
annee_publi
2008
resume
There are a few works undertaken to verify the accuracy of corrosion measurements. In general, it is assumed that potentiostats are correctly fabricated and then efforts are made to check the repeatability of certain measurement types as polarization curves, with the same or different operator or to calibrate corrosion rate measurements with gravimetry. This paper makes a more in-depth study about repeatability and reproducibility of the measurements and deals with the comparison of corrosion parameters measured in concrete with various degradation types such as carbonation or chloride attack. Different field and laboratory devices were compared.
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titre
Corrosion diagnosis of reinforced concrete beams after 40 years exposure in marine environment by non destructive tools
auteur
Olivier Poupard, Valerie l'Hostis, Véronique Bouteiller, Bruno Capra, Sandrine Catinaud, Daniel Francois, Jean-Luc Garciaz, Stéphane Laurens, Tang Luping, Gérard Olivier, Guy Tache
article
Revue Européenne de Génie Civil, Ed. Lavoisier, 2007, Benchmark des poutres de la Rance, 11 (1-2), pp.35-54. ⟨10.1080/17747120.2007.9692921⟩
annee_publi
2007
resume
This paper describes the detailed experimental program of the French national project “benchmark des poutres de la Rance”. It presents a corrosion diagnosis of prestressed beams after 40 years exposure in natural marine environment. It includes results from non destructive testing tools, complementary laboratory tests and destructive analyses. This project will provide a large database on the corrosion state of reinforced concrete beams after 40 years exposure in a marine environment (mechanical, electrochemical and physico-chemical properties) and will allow studying the sensitivity of NDT tools to evaluate corrosion risk within reinforced concrete structures. These results will be given to the modellers in order to complete their test conditions in the framework of the validation of mechanical models.
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Journal articles
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02355765/file/200600006074.pdf BibTex
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