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Richard Faure

MCF HDR  -  UCA

membre associé

Je suis membre associé au laboratoire BCL. Mon rattachement principal est à l’université de Tours. Pour en savoir plus, merci de vous rendre sur ma page personnelle.

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titre
Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity
auteur
Richard Faure, Simon-Pierre Valli, Arnaud Zucker
article
De Gruyter, 2022, ⟨10.1515/9783110736076⟩
annee_publi
2022
resume
This collection of articles is an important milestone in the history of the study of time conceptions in Greek and Roman Antiquity. It spans from Homer to Neoplatonism. Conceptions of time are considered from different points of view and sources. Reflections on time were both central and various throughout the history of ancient philosophy. Time was a topic, but also material for poets, historians and doctors. Importantly, the contributions also explore implicit conceptions and how language influences our thought categories.
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Ouvrages
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titre
Wh-interrogatives in ancient Greek
auteur
Nicolas Bertrand, Richard Faure
article
Studia Linguistica, 2022, 76 (3), pp.735-771. ⟨10.1111/stul.12194⟩
annee_publi
2022
resume
This article explores the problem of information structure in ancient Greek direct constituent questions from the perspective of wh-placement. It begins with the observation that wh-items are intrinsically focused and that typologically, wh-placement is predictable based on the focusing properties in some languages, such as Indonesian (in situ strategy) and Basque or Hungarian (focus position strategy), but not in others, such as English (specific wh-position strategy). Ancient Greek has multiple ways to express narrow focusing, e.g., in situ or in a preverbal devoted position. Puzzlingly, with respect to whPs, the former way is only marginally attested and there is no good evidence for the latter way. Instead, based on syntactic and prosodic tests, we show that ancient Greek offers a third strategy, in which a high position in the structure is available. Nevertheless, when this result is recast in the framework of Phase Theory, the tests of wh-duplication and stranding indicate that whPs must go through all three positions, receiving their argument function in situ, checking their focus feature preverbally and verifying their wh-feature in the high position. The specificity of 'why' questions is addressed along the way.
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Article dans une revue
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https://hal.science/hal-03579191/file/Bertrand%20Faure%20Wh-Interrogatives%20In%20Ancient%20Greek.pdf BibTex
titre
The Syntax and Semantics of Wh-Clauses in Classical Greek: Relatives, Interrogatives, Exclamatives
auteur
Richard Faure
article
Brill, 2021
annee_publi
2021
resume
Adapting tools recently developed in general linguistics and dwelling on a solid corpus study, this book offers the first comprehensive view on Classical Greek wh-clauses since Monteil (1963) and scrutinizes how wh-items (ὅς, ὅστις, τίς) distribute across the different clause types. False ideas are discarded (e.g., there are no τίς relative clauses, ὅστις does not take over ὅς’ functions). This essay furthermore teases apart actual neutralization and so-far-unknown subtle distinctions. Who knew that ὅστις is featured in three different types of appositive clauses? In the interrogative domain, an analysis is given of what licenses ὅς to pop in and τίς to pop out. Tackling these topics and more, this essay draws a coherent picture of the wh-clause system, whose basis is the notion of (non)identification.
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Ouvrages
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titre
L’exclamation en grec ancien
auteur
Michèle Biraud, Camille Denizot, Richard Faure
article
Peeters, 2021, L’exclamation en grec ancien, 978-90-429-4635-4
annee_publi
2021
resume
Cet ouvrage est la première étude d’ensemble de l’exclamation en grec ancien. À partir d’un relevé très précis dans un corpus dialogué (théâtral et philosophique), il passe au crible une série d’énoncés expressifs en prenant en compte de multiples facteurs (interjections, particules, syntaxe elliptique ou atypique, cohésion textuelle) pour ciseler les contours d’un phénomène trop souvent élargi à tout énoncé expressif, en se fondant sur des critères unifiés : l’évidence d’un contenu s’impose au locuteur qui en même temps s’en distancie par l’acte d’exclamation. Focalisation et haut degré y jouent un rôle primordial. Des structures jusqu’à présent non-identifiées sont mises en évidence. Cette étude intéressera autant les linguistes généralistes que les hellénistes. Les concepts de linguistique générale mettent en lumière certains phénomènes du grec. Ils sont en retour mis à l’épreuve des données de cette langue et réévalués.
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Ouvrages
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titre
Exclusivity! Wh-fronting is not optional wh-movement in Colloquial French
auteur
Richard Faure, Katerina Palasis
article
Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 2021, 39 (1), pp.57-95. ⟨10.1007/s11049-020-09476-w⟩
annee_publi
2021
resume
This article revisits the long-standing issue of the alternation between wh in-situ and wh-ex-situ questions in French in the light of diglossia and cross-linguistic data. A careful preliminary examination of the numerous wh-structures in Metropolitan French leads us to focus on Colloquial French, which undoubtedly displays both wh-in-situ and wh-ex-situ questions.Within this dataset, wh-ex-situ questions without the est-ce que ‘is it that’ marker are more permissive than in-situ regarding weakislandhood and superiority. In a Relativized Minimality framework, we suggest that wh-ex-situ items bear an additional feature, which permits them to bypass these constraints. Colloquial French is thus a wh-in-situ language that allows for wh-ex-situ under specific conditions, like other wh-in-situ languages. Hence we argue against free variation and claim that wh-fronting is not driven by a wh-feature, but by another feature. Exploring the contexts where wh-ex-situ is licensed, we highlight a type of non-exhaustive contrast specific to questions, namely Exclusivity, and provide a formalization. The article therefore also contributes to the larger debate on information structure in questions.
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Article dans une revue
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https://hal.science/hal-03132691/file/s11049-020-09476-w.pdf BibTex
titre
Comment les Grecs de l'Antiquité concevaient-ils le temps ?
auteur
Corinne Nicolas-Cabane, Véronique Kremmer, Richard Faure
article
ANR MIDISHUC, Mar 2020, Nice, France
annee_publi
2020
resume
Cette exposition transdisciplinaire a été réalisée dans le cadre d'une action de médiation scientifique grand public sur la thématique du temps et de sa perception à l'époque antique en Grèce au Vème et IVème siècle avant notre ère. Elle combine des approches linguistique, philosophique, historique, physique et médicale.
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Poster de conférence
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https://hal.science/hal-02538834/file/Expo_ANR_MIDISHUC_%20Temps_Antiquite_%20Grece_VF.pdf BibTex
titre
Quand la dialectologie, la diachronie et l'acquisition se parlent : Étude comparative des pronoms sujets en occitan et en français
auteur
Michèle Oliviéri, Georg A. Kaiser, Katerina Palasis, Michael Zimmermann, Richard Faure
article
J. Sibille. La microvariation linguistique dans les langues romanes de France : Actes du colloque Symila, Toulouse, 11 et 12 juin 2015, Lambert Lucas, pp.81-98, 2020
annee_publi
2020
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Chapitre d'ouvrage
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titre
Relatives et interrogatives en arménien classique et dans le grec des Évangiles. Un cas d’interpénétration syntaxique
auteur
Richard Faure
article
Claire Le Feuvre; Daniel Petit. Ὀνομάτων ἵστωρ: Mélanges offerts à Charles de Lamberterie, Louvain-la-Neuve, pp.45-60, 2020
annee_publi
2020
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Chapitre d'ouvrage
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titre
Time and its categories in Classical Greek: Language and thought
auteur
Richard Faure, Emmanuel Golfin, Elsa Grasso
article
Journal of Interdisciplinary Methodologies and Issues in Science, 2019, The Time Era, ⟨10.18713/JIMIS-010719-7-11⟩
annee_publi
2019
resume
The conceptions of time are manifold (cyclic, linear, subjective/objective etc.). This is also true of Ancient Greece (Lloyd 1976). However, in Classical Greece certain human sciences arise and evolve at the same time, including History (Herodotus, Thucydides) and Philosophy (Plato, Aristotle), which may share a common notion of time. We explore the idea that these developments are related to what we observe in the language in the same period, namely that the marking of aspect and mood steps back and gives way to a more precise marking of time in the verbal system. This may be due to mutual influences of the categories of language and thought, as already observed in Benveniste (1958).
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Article dans une revue
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal.science/hal-02276221/file/Vol7_art_11Faure-Golfin-Grasso-VF.pdf BibTex
titre
Revisiting Unselected Embedded Questions in the Light of Classical Greek Wh-Clauses
auteur
Richard Faure
article
The linguistic review, 2019, 36 (2), pp.191-230. ⟨10.1515/tlr-2018-2011⟩
annee_publi
2019
resume
This paper addresses the issue of the questions embedded under predicates normally selecting for propositions like know (unselected embedded questions UEQ). This problem was handled in Adger and Quer (Adger, David & Josep Quer. 2001. The syntax and semantics of unselected embedded questions. Language 77. 107–133) and Öhl (Öhl, Peter. 2007. Unselected embedded interrogatives in German and English : S-selection as dependency formation. Linguistische Berichte 212. 403–438). Both articles notice a difference between yes/no- and wh-questions. The distribution of the latter seems to be less restricted. However data from Classical Greek shed new light on the matter. Classical Greek uses two sets of wh-items in what looks like embedded questions (h- and t-). It is shown that h-clauses do not denote questions but propositions. The selection mismatch arises with t-clauses. They denote questions and have the same distribution as yes/no-questions. Moreover Classical Greek provides new evidence in favor of 1) the sensitivity of the UEQ to the polarity of the environment, building on Giannakidou’s (Giannakidou, Anastasia. 1998. Polarity sensitivity as (non) veridical dependency. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins) definition of nonveridicality; 2) the presence of a determiner on top of the UEQ as proposed in Adger and Quer (2001). The article argues nevertheless that the sensitivity is not due to the determiner, but to an operator going along with UEQs. It is shown that the determiner is a type-shifter turning the question into a proposition and thus repairing the apparent selection mismatch.
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Article dans une revue
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal.science/hal-01883851/file/Faure%202019%20Revisiting%20unselected%20embedded%20questions%20%28revised%29.pdf BibTex
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