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Fanny Meunier

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pour "Fanny MEUNIER" :

titre
Allegedly phonological processes in sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information
auteur
Tobias Scheer, Fabien Mathy, Fanny Meunier
article
59th Annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Nov 2019, New Orleans, United States
annee_publi
2019
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titre
Processing of non-contrastive subphonemic features in French homophonous utterances: An MMN study
auteur
Noelia Do Carmo-Blanco, Michel Hoen, Stéphane Pota, Elsa Spinelli, Fanny Meunier
article
Journal of Neurolinguistics, Elsevier, 2019, 52, pp.100849. ⟨10.1016/j.jneuroling.2019.05.001⟩
annee_publi
2019
resume
Native listeners process and understand homophones, such as la locution ‘the phrase’ vs. l'allocution ‘the speech’, both [lalɔkysjɔ̃], without much semantical ambiguity in connected speech. Yet, behavioral experiments show that disambiguation is partial under intra-speaker variability without semantical context. To investigate electrophysiological correlates of perception of non-contrastive subphonemic features in French homophonous sequences, we examined the event-related potential Mismatch Negativity (MMN) using a multitoken stimuli oddball paradigm. Stimuli were taken from multiple natural productions of nominal homophonous utterances. In the first experiment, we used the first syllables, while in the second experiment, the whole utterances. The homophonous sequence elicited an MMN response in both experiments. This suggests that non-contrastive acoustic features that differentiate homophones, such as pitch and duration, are robust enough despite intra-speaker variability to allow listeners to automatically extract regularities associated with each utterance. This ability of the perception system might contribute to correct segmentation and comprehension of ambiguous utterances.
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titre
Cross-linguistic Influences on Sentence Accent Detection in Background Noise
auteur
Odette Scharenborg, Sofoklis Kakouros, Brechtje Post, Fanny Meunier
article
Language and Speech, SAGE Publications (UK and US), 2019, pp.002383091881957. ⟨10.1177/0023830918819573⟩
annee_publi
2019
resume
This paper investigates whether sentence accent detection in a non-native language is dependent on (relative) similarity between prosodic cues to accent between the non-native and the native language, and whether cross-linguistic differences in the use of local and more widely distributed (i.e., non-local) cues to sentence accent detection lead to differential effects of the presence of background noise on sentence accent detection in a non-native language. We compared Dutch, Finnish, and French non-native listeners of English, whose cueing and use of prosodic prominence is gradually further removed from English, and compared their results on a phoneme monitoring task in different levels of noise and a quiet condition to those of native listeners. Overall phoneme detection performance was high for the native and the non-native listeners, but deteriorated to the same extent in the presence of background noise. Crucially, relative similarity between the prosodic cues to sentence accent of one’s native language compared to that of a non-native language does not determine the ability to perceive and use sentence accent for speech perception in that non-native language. Moreover, proficiency in the non-native language is not a straightforward predictor of sentence accent perception performance, although high proficiency in a non-native language can seemingly overcome certain differences at the prosodic level between the native and non-native language. Instead, performance is determined by the extent to which listeners rely on local cues (English and Dutch) versus cues that are more distributed (Finnish and French), as more distributed cues survive the presence of background noise better.
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titre
The PLAN Study — Language processing across life-span:Pilot data
auteur
Seçkin Arslan, Katerina Palasis, Fanny Meunier
article
The first Meeting of the NeuroMod Institute, 2019, Frejus, France
annee_publi
2019
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titre
Working memory impairments extend to non-verbal domains in post-stroke aphasia
auteur
Seçkin Arslan, Semra Selvi Balo, Lucie Broc, İlknur Maviş, Fanny Meunier, Fabien Mathy
article
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Frontiers, 2019, 13, Conference Abstract: Academy of Aphasia 57th Annual Meeting, ⟨10.3389/conf.fnhum.2019.01.00065⟩
annee_publi
2019
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titre
Phoneme Resistance and Phoneme Confusion in Noise: Impact of Dyslexia
auteur
Noelia Do Carmo Blanco, Julien Meyer, Michel Hoen, Fanny Meunier
article
19th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2018), Sep 2018, Hyperabad, India. pp.2290-2294, ⟨10.21437/interspeech.2018-1271⟩
annee_publi
2018
resume
Understanding speech in noisy environments is a challenge for almost everyone and particularly so for people with dyslexia. To better understand the phonological processing deficit, which has been posited as a core trait of dyslexia, we wanted to further characterize the impact of noise on speech perception. In this paper, we investigated phoneme resistance to noise for dyslexic and control adults and explored the pattern of errors produced by noise interference. Our aim was to examine differences between phoneme confusion matrices of the two populations. Disyllabic nouns were embedded in noise and participants had to perform an auditory word identification task. Error rates, phoneme resistance and phoneme confusions were compared between a dyslexic and a group of matched controls. Error rate was higher in the dyslexic group. However, no qualitative differences in the profile of errors were found. The coronals /ʃ and s/ were the most resistant phoneme in both groups while the labials /f, m and v/ were the most vulnerable. Although dyslexics showed a more scattered pattern of confusions, the matrices were correlated. Our results confirm a phonological deficit in dyslexia whereas they do not support the hypothesis of qualitative differences in phonological representation between the two groups.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01961066/file/1271.pdf BibTex
titre
Loud and Shouted Speech Perception at Variable Distances in a Forest
auteur
Julien Meyer, Fanny Meunier, Laure Dentel, Noelia Do Carmo Blanco, Frédéric Sèbe
article
19th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2018), Sep 2018, Hyperabad, India. pp.2285-2289, ⟨10.21437/interspeech.2018-2089⟩
annee_publi
2018
resume
To increase the range of modal speech in natural ambient noise, individuals increase their vocal effort and may pass into the 'shouted speech' register. To date, most studies concerning the influence of distance on spoken communication in outdoor natural environments have focused on the 'productive side' of the human ability to tacitly adjust vocal output to compensate for acoustic losses due to sound propagation. Our study takes a slightly different path as it is based on an adaptive speech production/perception experiment. The setting was an outdoor natural soundscape (a plane forest in altitude). The stimuli were produced live during the interaction: each speaker adapted speech to transmit French disyllabic words in isolation to an interlocutor/listener who was situated at variable distances in the course of the experiment (30m, 60m, 90m). Speech recognition was explored by evaluating the ability of 16 normal-hearing French listeners to recognize these words and their constituent vowels and consonants. Results showed that in such conditions, speech adaptation was rather efficient as word recognition remained around 95% at 30m, 85% at 60m and 75% at 90m. We also observed striking differences in patterns of answers along several lines: different distances, speech registers, vowels and consonants.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01961079/file/2089.pdf BibTex
titre
Sentence Accent Perception in Noise by French Non-Native Listeners of English
auteur
Odette Scharenborg, Fanny Meunier, Sofoklis Kakouros, Brechtje Post
article
9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, Jun 2018, Poznań, Poland. ⟨10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-12⟩
annee_publi
2018
resume
This paper investigates the use of prosodic information signalling sentence accent and the role of different acoustic features on sentence accent perception during native and non-native speech perception in the presence of background noise. A phoneme detection experiment was carried out in which English native listeners and French highly proficient non-native listeners of English were presented with target phonemes in English sentences. Sentences were presented in different levels of speech-shaped noise and in two prosodic contexts in which the target-bearing word was either deaccented or accented. Acoustic analyses of the two prosodic conditions showed that the target-bearing words in the accented condition carried more energy, had a higher F0, and more spectral tilt than those in the deaccented condition. Results of the behavioural data showed that the native listeners outperformed the French listeners in the clean condition but not in the noise conditions and that the effect of noise was smaller for the non-native compared to the native listeners. Possibly, the non-native listeners use more and different acoustic cues than the native listeners who primarily relied on more local cues for sentence accent detection.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01860566/file/French_English_final-1.pdf BibTex
titre
How to determine whether an alleged phonological process is real
auteur
Tobias Scheer, Fanny Meunier, Fabien Mathy
article
15th Old World Conference in Phonology (OCP15), Jan 2018, Londres, France
annee_publi
2018
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titre
How to determine whether an alleged phonological process is real
auteur
Tobias Scheer, Fabien Mathy, Fanny Meunier
article
15th Old World Conference in Phonology, Jan 2018, Londres, United Kingdom
annee_publi
2018
typdoc
Communication dans un congrès
Accès au bibtex
BibTex
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