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Fanny Meunier

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pour "Fanny MEUNIER" :

titre
Loud and Shouted Speech Perception at Variable Distances in a Forest
auteur
Julien Meyer, Fanny Meunier, Laure Dentel, Noelia Do Carmo Blanco, Frédéric Sèbe
article
Interspeech, Sep 2018, Hyderabad, India
annee_publi
2018
resume
To increase the range of modal speech in natural ambient noise, individuals increase their vocal effort and may pass into the 'shouted speech' register. To date, most studies concerning the influence of distance on spoken communication in outdoor natural environments have focused on the 'productive side' of the human ability to tacitly adjust vocal output to compensate for acoustic losses due to sound propagation. Our study takes a slightly different path as it is based on an adaptive speech production/perception experiment. The setting was an outdoor natural reverberant soundscape (a plane forest in altitude). The stimuli were produced live during the interaction: each speaker adapted speech to transmit French disyllabic words in isolation to an interlocutor/listener who was situated at variable distances in the course of the experiment (30m, 60m, 90m). Speech recognition was explored by evaluating the ability of 16 normal-hearing French listeners to recognize these words and their constituent vowels and consonants. Results showed that in such conditions, speech adaptation was rather efficient as word recognition remained around 95% at 30m, 85% at 60m and 75% at 90m. We also observed striking differences in patterns of answers along several lines: different distances, speech registers, vowels and consonants.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01860577/file/Meyer%20et%20al%202018.pdf BibTex
titre
Phoneme Resistance and Phoneme Confusion in Noise: Impact of Dyslexia
auteur
Noelia Do Carmo Blanco, Michel Hoen, Fanny Meunier, Julien Meyer
article
InterSpeech 2018, Sep 2018, Hyderabad, India. 2018, 2018, Proceedings Interspeech. 〈http://interspeech2018.org/〉
annee_publi
2018
resume
Understanding speech in noisy environments is a challenge for almost everyone and particularly so for people with dyslexia. To better understand the phonological processing deficit, which has been posited as a core trait of dyslexia, we wanted to further characterize the impact of noise on speech perception. In this paper, we investigated phoneme resistance to noise for dyslexic and control adults and explored the pattern of errors produced by noise interference. Our aim was to examine differences between phoneme confusion matrices of the two populations. Disyllabic nouns were embedded in noise and participants had to perform an auditory word identification task. Error rates, phoneme resistance and phoneme confusions were compared between a dyslexic and a group of matched controls. Error rate was higher in the dyslexic group. However, no qualitative differences in the profile of errors were found. The coronals /ʃ and s/ were the most resistant phoneme in both groups while the labials /f, m and v/ were the most vulnerable. Although dyslexics showed a more scattered pattern of confusions, the matrices were correlated. Our results confirm a phonological deficit in dyslexia whereas they do not support the hypothesis of qualitative differences in phonological representation between the two groups.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01860442/file/DoCarmoBlanco%20et%20al.pdf BibTex
titre
Sentence Accent Perception in Noise by French Non-Native Listeners of English
auteur
Odette Scharenborg, Fanny Meunier, Sofoklis Kakouros, Brechtje Post
article
9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, Jun 2018, Poznań, Poland. ISCA, 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, 〈10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-12〉
annee_publi
2018
resume
This paper investigates the use of prosodic information signalling sentence accent and the role of different acoustic features on sentence accent perception during native and non-native speech perception in the presence of background noise. A phoneme detection experiment was carried out in which English native listeners and French highly proficient non-native listeners of English were presented with target phonemes in English sentences. Sentences were presented in different levels of speech-shaped noise and in two prosodic contexts in which the target-bearing word was either deaccented or accented. Acoustic analyses of the two prosodic conditions showed that the target-bearing words in the accented condition carried more energy, had a higher F0, and more spectral tilt than those in the deaccented condition. Results of the behavioural data showed that the native listeners outperformed the French listeners in the clean condition but not in the noise conditions and that the effect of noise was smaller for the non-native compared to the native listeners. Possibly, the non-native listeners use more and different acoustic cues than the native listeners who primarily relied on more local cues for sentence accent detection.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01860566/file/French_English_final-1.pdf BibTex
titre
Central Auditory Processing Development in Primary School Children
auteur
Marie Dekerle, Fanny Meunier, Marie-Ange N'guyen, Estelle Gillet-Perret, Delphine Lassus-Sangosse, Sophie Donnadieu
article
International Journal of Phonetics and Audiology, Gavin Publishers, 2018, 2018 (1), 〈https://www.gavinpublishers.com/articles/Research-Article/International-Journal-of-Phonetics-Audiology/Central-Auditory-Processing-Development-in-Primary-School-Children〉. 〈10.29011/IJPA-102.100002〉
annee_publi
2018
resume
Objective: The aim of this study was twofold: (1) investigating the development of auditory processing abilities, and (2) exploring the possibility of the clinical application of the test battery used in the study. Design: The proposed battery aims to test a wide range of central auditory abilities as defined by ASHA (2005) within strict time constraints: lateralization, discrimination (i.e., frequency, duration and intensity), auditory identification, semantic recognition , temporal order judgment, central masking and stream segregation. All tests use nonverbal material to minimize the effect of language development. Study Sample: Eighty-nine typically developing children from 1st to 5th grade (from 6.7 to 10.6 years old) and 23 young adults were tested on these several auditory tasks. Results: A developmental effect was revealed in all but one proposed task: stream segregation. Interestingly, developmental trajectories differed depending on the task, with a developmental step and maturation occurring before adulthood for some abilities and linear development leading to maturation occurring during adolescence for other abilities. Conclusion: This study shows that (1) auditory processes develop during childhood at different rates and in different ways and (2) the battery can test a wide range of them in a relatively short amount of time.
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Article dans une revue
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01929254/file/Dekerle%20et%20al.%202018.pdf BibTex
titre
Speech-in-speech perception and executive function involvement
auteur
Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Maxime Tassin, Fanny Meunier
article
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (7), pp.1394 - 1394. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0180084〉
annee_publi
2017
resume
This present study investigated the link between speech-in-speech perception capacities and four executive function components: response suppression, inhibitory control, switching and working memory. We constructed a cross-modal semantic priming paradigm using a written target word and a spoken prime word, implemented in one of two concurrent auditory sentences (cocktail party situation). The prime and target were semantically related or unrelated. Participants had to perform a lexical decision task on visual target words and simultaneously listen to only one of two pronounced sentences. The attention of the participant was manipulated: The prime was in the pronounced sentence listened to by the participant or in the ignored one. In addition, we evaluate the executive function abilities of participants (switching cost, inhibitory-control cost and response-suppression cost) and their working memory span. Correlation analyses were performed between the executive and priming measurements. Our results showed a significant interaction effect between attention and semantic priming. We observed a significant priming effect in the attended but not in the ignored condition. Only priming effects obtained in the ignored condition were significantly correlated with some of the executive measurements. However, no correlation between priming effects and working memory capacity was found. Overall, these results confirm, first, the role of attention for semantic priming effect and, second, the implication of executive functions in speech-in-noise understanding capacities.
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Article dans une revue
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01570109/file/Perrone-bertolotti_Tassin_Meunier2017_PlosOne.pdf BibTex
titre
Categorization of natural whistled vowels by naïve listeners of different language background
auteur
Julien Meyer, Laure Dentel, Fanny Meunier
article
Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers, 2017, 8, 〈10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00025〉
annee_publi
2017
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titre
Categorization of natural Spanish whistled vowels by naïve Spanish listeners
auteur
Julien Meyer, Laure Dentel, Fanny Meunier
article
17th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2016), Sep 2016, San francisco, United States. 2016, Proceedings of Interspeech 2016. 〈http://www.interspeech2016.org/〉
annee_publi
2016
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titre
Speech reductions cause a de-weighting of secondary acoustic cues
auteur
Léo Varnet, Fanny Meunier, Michel Hoen
article
Interspeech 2016, Sep 2016, San Francisco, United States. 2016, Proceedings of Interspeech 2016. 〈10.21437/Interspeech.2016-343〉
annee_publi
2016
resume
The ability of the auditory system to change the perceptual weighting of acoustic cues when faced with degraded speech has long been evidenced. However, the exact changes that occur remain mostly unknown. Here, we proposed to use the Auditory Classification Image (ACI) methodology to reveal the acoustic cues used in natural speech comprehension and in reduced (i.e. noise-vocoded or re-synthesized) speech comprehension. The results show that in the latter case the auditory system updates its listening strategy by de-weighting secondary acoustic cues. Indeed, these are often weaker and thus more easily erased in adverse listening conditions. Furthermore our data suggests that this de-weighting does not directly depend on the actual reliability of the cues, but rather on the expected change in informativeness.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01363642/file/IS160343.PDF BibTex
titre
Catégorisation de voyelles sifflées par des locuteurs naïfs issus de trois langues (espagnol, français, chinois standard)
auteur
Julien Meyer, Laure Dentel, Polge Julie, Duchamp Laure, Fanny Meunier
article
14ème rencontres du Réseaux Français de Phonologie (RFP 2016), Jun 2016, Nice, France. 2016
annee_publi
2016
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titre
The Brazilian Portuguese Lexicon: An Instrument for Psycholinguistic Research
auteur
Gustavo Estivalet, Fanny Meunier
article
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2015, 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0144016〉
annee_publi
2015
resume
In this article, we present the Brazilian Portuguese Lexicon, a new word-based corpus for psycholinguistic and computational linguistic research in Brazilian Portuguese. We describe the corpus development, the specific characteristics on the internet site and database for user access. We also perform distributional analyses of the corpus and comparisons to other current databases. Our main objective was to provide a large, reliable, and useful word-based corpus with a dynamic, easy-to-use, and intuitive interface with free internet access for word and word-criteria searches. We used the Núcleo Interinstitucional de Lin-guística Computacional's corpus as the basic data source and developed the Brazilian Por-tuguese Lexicon by deriving and adding metalinguistic and psycholinguistic information about Brazilian Portuguese words. We obtained a final corpus with more than 30 million word tokens, 215 thousand word types and 25 categories of information about each word. This corpus was made available on the internet via a free-access site with two search engines: a simple search and a complex search. The simple engine basically searches for a list of words, while the complex engine accepts all types of criteria in the corpus categories. The output result presents all entries found in the corpus with the criteria specified in the input search and can be downloaded as a.csv file. We created a module in the results that delivers basic statistics about each search. The Brazilian Portuguese Lexicon also provides a pseudoword engine and specific tools for linguistic and statistical analysis. Therefore, the Brazilian Portuguese Lexicon is a convenient instrument for stimulus search, selection, control , and manipulation in psycholinguistic experiments, as also it is a powerful database for computational linguistics research and language modeling related to lexicon distribution, functioning, and behavior.
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Article dans une revue
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01246828/file/journal.pone.0144016.pdf BibTex
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